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Library Table of Contents:
Tech Tips  |  Glossary of Terminology  |  Deployment/Planning Tools | Primers | General Teledyne RDI Documents
Product Guides | Application Notes | Marine Measurements  | Navigation | Water Resources | Bibliography
For improved understanding of ADCP operation, check out Teledyne RDI's growing list of online tutorials. Latest addition: Data Quality: Assurance & Control. More...
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Teledyne RDI Deployment Planning Tools
We have software that will help you determine the parameters of your ADCP and/or Waves Array deployment.
>>Download PlanADCP

Find the tools you need for port and harbor environmental monitoring applications.

Basic Primers
What is an ADCP and how does it work? 
Marine Measurements ADCP Primer/Selection Guide >>download PDF
>>Visit NOAA's Ocean Explorer page to learn more.
ADCP (BroadBand) Practical Primer - gain a basic understanding of ADCP/Broadband Principals of Operation Readme Download
Waves Array Technology Primer (Acrobat file)
Waves Array Technique Primer (Acrobat file)
Informative Teledyne RDI Documents
Workhorse FAQ Readme Download
Workhorse Technical Papers Readme Download
Ocean Surveyor/Ocean Observer FAQ Readme Download
BroadBand FAQ Readme Download
BroadBand Technical Papers Readme Download
Principles of Operation -- A Practical Primer (NarrowBand) Readme Download
NarrowBand FAQ Readme Download
RDI's Tech Tips
Teledyne RDI Product Guides
Full Column Current Profiling Solutions (793 kb PDF)
Horizontal Waves Measurement (331 kb PDF)
Ocean Surveyor ADCPs (730 kb PDF)
Application Notes
Application Note: Profiling Ocean Currents from a Moving Ship
Corporate Articles
"Teledyne RD Instruments: Measuring Water in Motion and Motion in Water",
Sea Technology, June 2012

"RD Instruments: Leading Edge Technology, Age-Old Principle",
Sea Technology, October 2002

Marine Measurements - Coastal and Deep Water ADCPs and Waves Array
Technical Papers / Articles/ Reports
Bubble Clouds in Coastal Waters and Their Role in Air-Water Gas Exchange of CO2, Joseph R. Crosswell (2015), Journal of Marine Science and Engineering - Air-Sea Gas Exchange Process and Impact Factors, Aug. 12, 2015.

Links between ocean properties, ice cover, and plankton dynamics on interannual time scales in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago (Abstract only, payment required for access to full article),
Hamilton, J. M., K. Collins, and S. J. Prinsenberg (2013), J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 118, 5625-5639, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20382

Current patterns in the Inner Sound (Pentland Firth) from underway ADCP data.
Goddijn-Murphy, L. M., D. K. Woolf and M. Easton, 2013: Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30(1), 96-111

A Modified Beam-to-Earth Transformation to Measure Short-Wavelength Internal Waves with an Acoustic Doppler Current Profilerr
A. Scotti, B. Butman, R. C. Beardsley, P. Soupy Alexander, S. Anderson, American Meteorological Society, May 2005

Impact of sound attenuation by suspended sediment on ADCP backscatter calibrations By, M. G. Sassi and A. J. F. Hoitink and B. Vermeulen

Coupled ADCPs can yield complete Reynolds stress tensor profiles in geophysical surface flows
Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 38, L06406, doi:10.1029/2011GL046684, 2011; B. Vermeulen, A. J. F. Hoitink, and M. G. Sassi

ADCP Data Collected from a Liquid Robotics Wave Glider (r)
J. Mullison, D. Symonds (Teledyne RD Instruments) and N. Trenaman (Liquid Robotics); Proceedings:IEEE/OES/CWTM Tenth Working Conference on Current Measurement Technology

Field Testing of a New ADCP
J. Mullison, P. Wanis, D. Symonds (Teledyne RD Instruments); Proceedings:IEEE/OES/CWTM Tenth Working Conference on Current Measurement Technology

Bubble Cloud Depth Under a Hurricane
Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 38 2011 ; D.W. Wang, H.W. Wijeskera, W.J. Teague, W.E. Rogers, E Jarosz.

Evaluation of AUV-based ADCP Measurements
Limnology and Oceanography: Methods 4, 2006, pp. 58-67. Derek A. Fong and Nicole. L. Jones; Environmental Fluid Mechanics Laboratory, Stanford University.

Estimation of Tidal Current in Tokyo-Ogasawara Area using TOLEX-ADCP Data
Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Tobuku University, Aoba-ku, Sendai. April 17, 2000/revised June 23, 2000. Shoichi Kizu, Takeshi Taneda and Kimio Hanawa

Observing Directional Properties of Ocean Swell with an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP)
210 Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology Volume 27 by T.H.C. Herbers (Department of Oceanography, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California) and S. J. Lentz (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts).

Measuring the Dispersion Coefficient with Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers
Meredith L. Carr and Chris R. Rehmann, M.ASCE, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering© ASCE, August 2007

"Measuring ocean currents for efficient seismic surveys” (114KB); INTERNATIONAL HYDROGRAPHIC & SEISMIC SEARCH, February 2009, by Grant Jennings and William Kikendall, Teledyne RD Instruments.

Technical Note: Use of Teledyne RD Instruments “Pulse to Pulse Coherent Mode” to Study Shear in the Wave Orbital Bottom Boundary.

"Development and field testing of the Doppler Volume Sampler", by PE Plimpton, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, US Department of Commerce, Seattle, Washington, USA and JW Mullison, Teledyne RD Instruments, Poway, California, USA. Presented at Oceanology International 2008 and published in Underwater Technology Vol. 27, No. 4, 2008.

"Horizontal current field, ADCP backscatter, and plankton distribution in Sagami Bay, Japan"; by Tetsutaro Takikawa, National Fisheries University, 2-7-1 Nagata-Honmachi Shimonoseki 759-6595, Japan; Minoru, Extremobiosphere Research Center, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2-15 Natsushimacho, Yokosuka 237-0061, Japan; Kitamura and Naho Horimoto, Faculty of Marine Science, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 4-5-7, Konan, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8477, Japan; Fish. Oceanogr. 17:4, 254–262, 2008.

"Fugro GEOS Rises to Thunder Horse Challenge"; Fugro GEOS Newsletter, AQUA No. 18, 2008.

"Test and Evaluation of the Doppler Volume Sampler (DVS) Acoustic Doppler Current Profile (ADCP)", Paul Devine, Teledyne RD Instruments and Murray D. Scotney, Bedford Institute of Oceanography; IEEE/OES/CMTC Ninth Working Conference on Current Measurement Technology 2008.

"Measuring Infra Gravity Waves with an ADCP Wave Gauge" (1.58 MB); Morten Hvidberg-Knudsen, and Kim Roerbaek, ADCPs in Action User Conference, 2007.

"COASTMAP Used in Narragansett Bay Real-Time Observatory System"; ASA Newsletter, Vol. 21, No.3, Sept. 2007; by Mark Wholey.

"The Use of ADCPs to Measure Turbulence and SPM in Shelf Seas", Alejandro Jose Souza;  Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, 6 Brownlow Street, Liverpool L3 5DA, UK; 2nd International Conference & Exhibition on "Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies & Results", June 2007.

"Innovative Current Profiling Technology for Moored Applications" (264K); Oceans 2006 Boston, Exhibitor Product Showcase, by Jerry Mullison, Teledyne RD Instruments

"Review of the Real-time Current Monitoring Requirement for the Miami Ocean Dredged Material Disposal Site (1995-2000)"; NOAA Technical Memorandum, OAR AOML-95, July 2006 by C.J. McArthur, S.J. Stamates, J.R. Proni, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Miami, Florida.

"Coastal Ocean Observing Systems Going Wireless"; Sea Technology, April 2006 by Rick Cole and Dr. Robert Weisberg, University of South Florida

"Use of an ADCP to Compute Suspended–Sediment Discharge in the Tidal Hudson River, New York", by Gary R. Wall, Elizabeth A. Nystrom, and Simon Litte; USGS in cooperation with New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5055

"Performance and Calibration of an Accoustic Doppler Profiler Towed Below the Surface", 2005 by Andreas Munchow, Charles S. Coughran, Myrl C. Hendershott, and Clinton D. Winant; Center for Coastal Studies, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California.

"Higher Moment Flow Parameters From Various ADCP Transducer Configurations", 2005 prepared to support presentation at TRDI ADCPs in action users group meeting, Richard K. Dewey and Steve Stringer, University of Victoria

Example integration of WorkHorse Sentinel with wave array capability into real time piloting & docking system by the Danish Hydraulic Institute (DHI) and MarimaTech AS

"A Towed 75 kHz ADCP for Operational Deepwater Current Surveys"; Proceedings of the IEEE/OES Eighth Working Conference on Current Measurement Technology, by Steven P. Anderson Horizon Marine and Patrick Matthews Oceaneering International

"The Florida Coastal Forcing Product" ; Florida Department of Environmental Protection; Technical Report by Mark Leadon, Florida Department of Environmental Protection; William Dally, Surfbreak Engineering Sciences, Inc.;  and Daniel A. Osiecki, Surfbreak Engineering Sciences, Inc.

"Solitons Northeast of Tung-Sha Island During the ASIAEX Pilot Studies"; Ying-Jang Yang, Tswen Yung Tang, M. H. Chang, Antony K. Liu, Ming-Kuang Hsu, and Steven R. Ramp; IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering Vol. 29, No. 4, October 2004

"Sediment Monitoring: Rising to the Challenge"; Dredging and Port Construction, September 2004, by Paul Devine, Teledyne RD Instruments, San Diego, CA. We thank our contributors to this article: Dr. Douglas Clarke, US Army Corp of Engineers R&D Centre, Vicksburg, MS; and Christian Maushake, Bundesanstalt fur Wasserbau.

Poster Paper Title: Subtidal Modulation of Tidal Currents on the Northeast Brazilian Shelf
Authors: Marcio L. Vianna and Viviane V. Menezes
Presented at: II Brazilian Symposium on Oceanography (II Simposio Brasileiro de Oceanografia), May 31 - June 4 , 2004 >>download PDF (290 kb)

"Monitoring Morphology and Current at the Hatteras Breach"; Shore & Beach, Vol. 72, No. 2, Spring 2004 pp9-14; by Ty V. Wamsley and Kent A Hathaway, US Army Engineering Research and Development Center Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory.

"Top to Bottom Profiling for the Offshore Environment", Ocean News & Technology, March/April 2004.

"Processing of Subsurface ADCP Data In the Equatorial Pacific", by P.E. Plimpton, H.P. Freitag and M.J. McPhaden; Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, Washington, March 2004.

"Climate Variability Research Aided by Moored Current Profiles"; Sea Technology, February 2004; by Jerry Mullison, Teledyne RD Instruments; Dr. Humfrey Melling, Fisheries and Oceans Canada; H. Paul Freitag, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; Dr. William Johns, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Miami.

"Profiles in Ocean Current Measurements: Long Ranger ADCP", International Ocean Systems, Jan/Feb 2004.

"Estimation of Suspended Sediment Concentration in Estuarine Environments using Acoustic Backscatter from an ADCP", Kim, Y.H. and G. Voulgaris. Proceedings of the International Conference on Coastal Sediments 2003.

"Reynolds stress measurements in a short tidal inlet", The 2nd Meeting on the Physical Oceanography of Sea Straits, Villefranche, 15th-19th April 2002, by Harvey Seim, Department of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

"Real Time Ocean Current Data from 3000m and Beyond"; Offshore Engineer, April 2002; by Michael Vogel (Shell Global Solutions USA) and Darryl Symonds (RD Instruments, Inc.). (Acrobat File)

"Progress Report on the Use of a Cruise Liner as a Vessel of Opportunity for Collecting Scientific Data" (1.3MB); Oceans 2002 Proceedings; by James Fahey, Teledyne RD Instruments; Darryl Symonds, Teledyne RD Instruments; Richard Findley, University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution; and Elizabeth Williams, University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science.

"Modelling the effect of a slope-water intrusion on advection of fish larvae in May 1995 on Georges Bank"; J.P. Manning, R.G. Lough, C.E. Naimie, and J.H. Churchill. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 2001.

"Reynolds Stress and Turbulent Energy Production in a Tidal Channel"; Tom P. Rippeth, Eirwen Williams, and John H. Simpson, School of Ocean Sciences, University of Wales Bangor, Menai Bridge, Anglesey, United Kingdom, September 7, 2001.

"Measurements of three-dimensional fish school velocities with an acoustic Doppler current profiler";  David A. Demera, Manuel Barange, Alan J. Boyd, Southwest Fisheries Science Center and Sea Fisheries Research Institute, 2000.

"Tidal-front entrainment and retention of fish larvae on the southern flank of Georges Bank"; Gregory R. Lough and James P. Manning, Northeast Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, Woods Hole Laboratory; Deep-Sea Research II, February 2000.

Evaluation of Wave Measurements with an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler, By K. Roerbaek, H. Anderson. (Acrobat file)

The Performance of ADCP-Derived Directional Wave Spectra and Comparison with Other Independent Measurements, by B. Strong and B. Brumley. (Acrobat file)

Paper: System Development for Profiling Deeper Waters in Support of the Oil and Gas Industry.

Paper: Long-Range Current Profiling from Moving Vessels

Paper: Backscatter Estimation Using Broadband Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers

Paper: Measuring Waves and Currents with an Upward-Looking ADCP™

Paper: Horizontal ADCP™ for Remote Mapping of Currents

Paper: Optimal Sampling Distribution and Weighting for Ensemble Averages
Text version of same file.

Final Report; High Frequency Time Delay Array Program

Nonlinear Internal Wave Properties Estimated with Moored ADCP Measurements. MING-HUEI CHANG, Department of Marine Environmental Informatics, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, Taiwan; REN-CHIEH LIEN, Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; YIING JANG YANG, Department of Marine Science, Naval Academy, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; TSWEN YUNG TANG, Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. (Manuscript received 4 August 2010, in final form 3 December 2010)

Marine Measurements - Citadel CTDs
Technical Papers / Articles/ Reports
The Use of Ships of Opportunity for Irish Sea Based Oceanographic Measurements; Oceans 2007 Europe Proceedings; by Christopher A. Balfour, Michael J. Howarth, Michael J. Smithson, David S. Jones and Jeffrey Pugh

Data Links
For real-time RDI Waves data!
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Evans Hamilton
Martha's Vineyard Coastal Observatory
Louisiana State University, WAVCIS Program
Navigation - Doppler Navigation Products
Technical Papers / Articles/ Reports

Advancements and Applications For Doppler Sonar, by Alan Kenny,Sea Technology Magazine, January 2014.

Experimental Results in Synchronous-Clock One-Way-Travel-Time Acoustic Navigation for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles by Ryan M. Eustice, Louis L. Whitcomb, Hanumant Singh, and Matthew Grund. Journal of Field Robotics, September 2010.

Exploring the Deepest Depths: Preliminary Design of a Novel Light-Tethered Hybrid ROV for Global Science in Extreme Environments by Andrew D. Bowen, Dana R. Yoerge

Measuring the Dispersion Coefficient with Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers
Meredith L. Carr and Chris R. Rehmann, M.ASCE, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering© ASCE, August 2007

"Development of Multi-AUV SLAM Testbed and University of Michigan", by Hunter Brown, Ayoung Kim, Ryan Eustice; Dept of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, Dept of Engineering, University of Michigan, 2008.

"Surveying the underside of an Arctic ice ridge using a man-portable GAVIA AUV deployed through the ice", by Richard Yeo, Iceland, April 2007

"The StationKeep Function: Dynamic Positioning for Remotely Operated Vehicles", Underwater Magazine, March/April 2004, by Jason Stanley.

"Performance of an AUV Navigation System at Arctic Latitudes", Oceans 2003, By Rob S. McEwen and Hans Thomas, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute; and Donald Weber and Frank Psota, Kearfott Guidance and Navigation Corp. (Acrobat File)

"High Performance Underwater Navigation - Experimental Results", Hydro, January/February 2002. (Acrobat File)

"Navigation is Key to AUV Missions", Sea Technology, January 2002 (Acrobat file)

"SeaDeViL - A Totally Integrated Inertial Navigation System (INS) Solution", Underwater Intervetnion Symposium, February 2002. (Acrobat file)

Kalaman Filters and Sensor Integration
"RDI Doppler Velocity Log -- a key component of WHOIs Deep Submergence navigation suite" by Ned Brokloff, Johns Hopkins University.
For a copy of this paper (presented at ADCPs in Action 2003) and further information on Kalaman Filters, please contact Mr. Ned Brokloff [Ned.Brokloff@jhuapl.edu].

"RDI Doppler Velocity Log -- a key component of WHOIs Deep Submergence navigation suite" provided compliments of Johns Hopkins University.

Johns Hopkins University DVLNAV Navigation program

Navigation Tools
 Drive the Virtual Submarine!
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Keep hidden... and be safe... stay off the surface and don't hit the bottom.


Multimedia Training Demo
Courtesy of Johns Hopkins University

Water Resources - - ADCPs for Inland Applications
Technical Papers / Articles / Reports

Statistical quality control of streamflow measurements with moving-boat acoustic Doppler current profilers
(Abstract only, payment required for access to full article), Huang, Hening (2015), Journal of Hydraulic Research, Aug. 21, 2015 DOI:10.1080/00221686.2015.1074947

Discharge Measurements in Low Flow Conditions With ADCP Technology - First Experiences in Nepal By J. Merz, Integration Environment And Energym Nepal; Journal of Hydrology and Meteorology, Vol. 7, No.1.

"Estimating longitudinal dispersion in rivers using Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers
Advances in Water Resources 33 (2010); Chaopeng Shen, Jie Niu and Mantha S. Phanikumar (Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Michigan State University), Eric J. Anderson (CILER, University of Michigan).

Measuring the Dispersion Coefficient with Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers
Meredith L. Carr and Chris R. Rehmann, M.ASCE, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering© ASCE, August 2007

"Hydrolink Number 1 2010” (1MB); Journal of Hydraulic Research.

"Primer: ADCPs - A Reliable and Versatile Tool for Measuring Inland Waters"

"Remote Sampling of River Discharge Using Radar and Sonar Methods", Sea Technology; Feb. 2006; by Peter Spain, Teledyne RD Instruments, Donald Barrick and Calvin Teague, CODAR Ocean Sensors, Ltd.

Report: Summary Results from Horizontal ADCP™ tests in the Indiana Harbor Canal and the White River.

Poster Paper Title: Subtidal Modulation of Tidal Currents on the Northeast Brazilian Shelf
Authors: Marcio L. Vianna and Viviane V. Menezes
Presented at: II Brazilian Symposium on Oceanography (II Simposio Brasileiro de Oceanografia), May 31 - June 4 , 2004 >>download PDF (290 kb)

"U.S. Stream Flow Measurement and Data Dissemination Improve", EOS, Vol. 85, No. 20, 18 May 2004, by Robert M. Hirsch, USGS Washington, D.C; and John E. Costa, USGS, Portland, OR.

Report: Summary Results from Horizontal ADCP™ tests in the Indiana Harbor Canal and the White River

Paper: Horizontal ADCP™ for Remote Mapping of Currents

ADCP Information Bibliography
Bibliography Directory